Lipid droplets inside eukaryotic cells have proven to be protective against invading pathogens. They are a part of the immune system and are found in complex organisms. When a bacterium enters a cell’s cytoplasm, intracellular lipid droplets contact each other fetching a store of antimicrobial proteins. These droplets also help to fight off bacterial infections.
According to research by the University of Nebraska Medical, it leads to the first evidence with a direct process between intracellular pathogens and lipid droplets. However, the procedure pinpoints some of the mechanism that forces lipid droplets to represent their antibacterial functions.
What Lipid Droplets Are And What Kind Of Significance They Hold?
A study by the University of Barcelona found that lipid droplets in mammalian cells have several immune proteins and show antibacterial activity against several bacterial species.
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Reference Link: https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/lipid-droplets-are-intracellular-bacteria-fighting-machines-68045
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